Reading Assignment #18

予習の仕方

  1. まずは記事を読み大意を把握する。

  2. わからない単語を確認し、記事の内容を理解しながらしっかり読む。

  3. Quizに取り組む。(解答は公開されません。仲間と意見交換して適切な答えを探すのも良いでしょう)

  4. もう一度記事を読んで理解を確認する。

  5. Further studies

    • 記事のトピックについてリサーチする

    • 記事のサマリーをまとめる

    • 著者について調べる

    • 関連記事を読む

    • その他

1. nature NEWS

Article Title

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02054-5

2. Quiz

Answer the following questions.

1. Which of the following can substitute for the word allow in "allowed" from section 1? (*Section 1: Paragraph starting with "A peculiar bacterial enzyme has allowed...")

  • a) authorize

  • b) enable

  • c) persuade


2. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of diseases that mutations in the mitochondrial genome trigger?

  • a) They cannot be deadly.

  • b) They are usually transmitted maternally.

  • c) They interfere with the cell's energy production.


3. Which of the following is the reason why CRISPR–Cas9 fails to work for mitochondria?

  • a) Because RNA is too large to be put into mitochondria.

  • b) Because RNA cannot change the genomes in mitochondria.

  • c) Because RNA cannot pass through the layers surrounding mitochondria.


4. Which of the following can replace the word "reliance" in section 6?  (*Section 6: Paragraph starting with "Liu had harnessed similar enzymes...")

  • a) allowance

  • b) similarity

  • c) dependence


5. Which of the following can DddA do?

  • a) To create a single-stranded DNA.

  • b) To modify genomes in DNA.

  • c) To act on double-stranded DNA.


6. Which of the following is the word "specific" in section 8 closest in meaning to? (*Section 8: Paragraph starting with "But to turn DddA into...")

  • a) particular

  • b) obvious

  • c) accurate


7. How soon can the findings of the studies be applied to actual treatment?

  • a) They will be applied very soon.

  • b) It may take a long time before they are used in the hospital.

  • c) They can be applied after some clinical trials.


8. Which of the following can the word "ultimately" in section 10 replaced by?  (*Section 10: Paragraph starting with "The technique could ultimately...")

  • a) eventually

  • b) negatively

  • c) firstly


9. What might be one of the things that can be done to further the progress made in the field of gene editing?

  • a) To improve existing gene modifying techniques further.

  • b) To use machine learning to delve into the effects of mitochondrial mutations in animals.

  • c) To create animal models to study the effects of mitochondrial mutations with the latest technique.


10. Which of the following can substitute for the word "expedite" in section 12? (*Section 12: Paragraph starting with "The latest editing approach...")

  • a) encourage

  • b) speed up

  • c) accomplish