Reading Assignment #17

予習の仕方

  1. まずは記事を読み大意を把握する。

  2. わからない単語を確認し、記事の内容を理解しながらしっかり読む。

  3. Quizに取り組む。(解答は公開されません。仲間と意見交換して適切な答えを探すのも良いでしょう)

  4. もう一度記事を読んで理解を確認する。

  5. Further studies

    • 記事のトピックについてリサーチする

    • 記事のサマリーをまとめる

    • 著者について調べる

    • 関連記事を読む

    • その他

1. nature NEWS

Article Title

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01096-z

2. Quiz

Answer the following questions.

1. Which of the following is the word "propensity" in section 1 closest in meaning to? (*Section 1: Paragraph starting with "Bats and rodents are considered...")

  • a) potential

  • b) tendency

  • c) ability


2. Which of the following is suggested by the analysis conducted by researchers in Scotland in the article?

  • a) Bats and rodents are among the most high-risk viral reservoirs.

  • b) The traits of bats and rodents make them unexceptional high-risk hosts of dangerous viruses.

  • c) Other animals can be as likely to infect people with diseases as bats and rodents.


3. What conclusion has the team which carried out this analysis drawn from it?

  • a) The larger number of species an animal group contains, the more infectious it can be.

  • b) The number of species contained in an animal group does not affect how infectious it can be.

  • c) The number of species that an animal group contains is not an indicator of how infectious it can be.


4. Which of the following can substitute for the word "surveillance" in section 4? (*Section 4: Paragraph starting with "But not everyone agrees that...")

  • a) spectacle

  • b) foresight

  • c) monitoring


5. According to the research, what makes rodents a high-risk reservoir of viruses?

  • a) The fact that viruses harboured by rodents are highly infectious.

  • b) The fact that there are many kinds of species of rodents.

  • c) The fact that rodents' populations are larger than those of other animals.


6. Which of the following can NOT replace the word "consequently" in section 8? (*Section 8: Paragraph starting with "Their statistical analysis estimated that...")

  • a) even so

  • b) as a result

  • c) therefore


7. According to the research explained in this article, which may be the biggest factor of disease infection?

  • a) The habitat of host animals.

  • b) The physiological traits of reservoir animals.

  • c) The biology of viruses harboured by animals.


8. Which of the following is the word "transmission" in section 14 closest in meaning to? (*Section 14: Paragraph starting with "Their statistical analysis estimated that...")

  • a) translation

  • b) spread

  • c) extension


9. Which of the following is the criticism expressed by Kevin Olival about the research outlined in the passage?

  • a) Animal groups are not important in evaluating how infectious species can be.

  • b) Some important factors are not taken into consideration in determining how infectious species can be.

  • c) The model used by the analysis is overly simplistic.


10. Which of the following can replace the word "interact" in section 16? (*Section 16: Paragraph starting with "Virologist Jemma Geoghegan at the University of Otago...")

  • a) meet

  • b) interface

  • c) communicate