Reading Assignment #16

予習の仕方

  1. まずは記事を読み大意を把握する。

  2. わからない単語を確認し、記事の内容を理解しながらしっかり読む。

  3. Quizに取り組む。(解答は公開されません。仲間と意見交換して適切な答えを探すのも良いでしょう)

  4. もう一度記事を読んで理解を確認する。

  5. Further studies

    • 記事のトピックについてリサーチする

    • 記事のサマリーをまとめる

    • 著者について調べる

    • 関連記事を読む

    • その他

1. nature NEWS

Article Title

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01456-9

2. Quiz

Answer the following questions.

1. What does the expression "descend from" in section 1 probably mean?  (*Section 1: Paragraph starting with "Ancient genomics is starting...")

  • a) are independent of

  • b) are offspring of

  • c) are different from


2. Which of the following is the word distinct in "once-distinct" from section 1 closest in meaning to?  (*Section 1: Paragraph starting with "Ancient genomics is starting...")

  • a) disrupting

  • b) discreet

  • c) separate


3. Which of the following is correct about Contemporary East Asians mentioned in section 4?  (*Section 4: Contemporary East Asians descend...")

  • a) The spread of farming drastically changed their genetic make-up.

  • b) Nothing whatsoever is known about their ancestry.

  • c) There are approximately 1.7 billion of them.


4. Which of the following is true of the following two groups of people: those from the Yellow River Basin and those from the Fujian Province?

  • a) They probably started sharing some genetic characteristics with each other by the beginning of the late Neolithic Period.

  • b) They were genetically similar during the early Neolithic period.

  • c) There is evidence that they started interbreeding by approximately 6,000 years ago.


5. Which of the following might have happened in East Asia?

  • a) Farmers expelled hunter-gathers from the area.

  • b) Farmers interbred with hunter-gatherers.

  • c) Hunter-gatherers replaced farmers.


6. Which of the following is the word connection in "connections" from section 8 closest in meaning to?  (*Section 8: Farmers in the Yellow River Basin also...")

  • a) crossing

  • b) interception

  • c) link


7. Which of the following can be substituted for the word "migrate" in section 9?  (*Section 9: The studies also revealed some...")

  • a) resettle

  • b) flee

  • c) aggravate


8. Which of the following is true about the ancestry of the people mentioned in the passage?

  • a) People who lived in the South Pacific had not descended from Taiwan.

  • b) People in Tibet migrated to the Yellow River Basin.

  • c) People from Vanuatu were related to those from Fujian Province.


9. Which of the following is the word "extinct" in section 13 closest in meaning to? (*Section 13: Paragraph starting with "The studies give researchers hope...")

  • a) died out

  • b) dead

  • c) inactive


10. Which of the following is the main point of the studies explained in the passage?

  • a) It made clear how agriculture spread in East Asia.

  • b) It revealed the ancestry of people in East Asia.

  • c) It shed light on where western Eurasians came from.