Reading Assignment #18
1. nature NEWS
Answer the following questions.
1. Which of the following can substitute for the word allow in "allowed" from section 1? (*Section 1: Paragraph starting with "A peculiar bacterial enzyme has allowed...")
2. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of diseases that mutations in the mitochondrial genome trigger?
a) They cannot be deadly.
b) They are usually transmitted maternally.
c) They interfere with the cell's energy production.
3. Which of the following is the reason why CRISPR–Cas9 fails to work for mitochondria?
a) Because RNA is too large to be put into mitochondria.
b) Because RNA cannot change the genomes in mitochondria.
c) Because RNA cannot pass through the layers surrounding mitochondria.
4. Which of the following can replace the word "reliance" in section 6? (*Section 6: Paragraph starting with "Liu had harnessed similar enzymes...")
5. Which of the following can DddA do?
a) To create a single-stranded DNA.
b) To modify genomes in DNA.
c) To act on double-stranded DNA.
6. Which of the following is the word "specific" in section 8 closest in meaning to? (*Section 8: Paragraph starting with "But to turn DddA into...")
7. How soon can the findings of the studies be applied to actual treatment?
a) They will be applied very soon.
b) It may take a long time before they are used in the hospital.
c) They can be applied after some clinical trials.
8. Which of the following can the word "ultimately" in section 10 replaced by? (*Section 10: Paragraph starting with "The technique could ultimately...")
9. What might be one of the things that can be done to further the progress made in the field of gene editing?
a) To improve existing gene modifying techniques further.
b) To use machine learning to delve into the effects of mitochondrial mutations in animals.
c) To create animal models to study the effects of mitochondrial mutations with the latest technique.
10. Which of the following can substitute for the word "expedite" in section 12? (*Section 12: Paragraph starting with "The latest editing approach...")
b) speed up